Environmental pollution is dangerous for all living beings let it be animals or humans. We all have to suffer because of it. Because of it many diseases take place. In the developing countries, many industries and factories are growing. These industries release harmful smoke that are result of many chemical reactions. Smoke is mixed with fresh air. Mostly, these industries release the contaminated water in stream of fresh water or rivers. Cutting of trees is taking place at a large quantity nowadays. Trees are one of the reason because of which rain take place. As the trees are cutting, the amount of rainfall is decreasing. Sometimes it happens that the rain falls is acidic.
Acidic rain is harmful for living beings. When the acidic rain falls, it pollutes the soil as it absorbs the rain water. If the crops are grown in the soil having acid then the crops grown will contain the acid which is harmful for the body. This is the reason why food poisoning takes place. Along with the increasing population, the use of cars and bikes is also increasing. These bikes and cars produce sounds and noise pollution takes place. Let us discuss about all these points in detail:
- Air pollution: As I said because of industries air pollution takes place. I said about cars, it releases harmful smoke which pollutes the environment air. Burning of fuels in open ground or field also produce harmful smoke as it get mixed with fresh air. In today’s world, for the protection of the countries, countries are doing tests of bombs so whenever the other country do any attack on it, it can save itself. This is done by all the countries so the air pollution is taking place at a large level.
We should always try to do less use of cars and bikes and by doing this we are not doing pollution. Industries should make their chimneys high so that the air down will be clean. In villages, people use wood to burn and cook food. Instead of using wood they should use biogas, cow dung and such kind of natural fuels. The pollution done by wood is more than the natural fuels. We should plant more trees to purify the polluted air. The trees such as Neem and Peepal should be planted more because these trees purify the air 24 hours not like others which itself use oxygen in the night. These are some of the ways how we can prevent air pollution.
- WATER POLLUTION: As I said earlier that industries are increasing and industries use water. After their use when the water contaminated, industries release that polluted water in stream of fresh water or rivers and pollute the whole water body. Same is done in hotels. The contaminated water is released in rivers which creates problem for animals and birds as they drink the contaminated water sometimes the die. This means water pollution also leads to loss of lives. Sometimes, sewage water contains plastic bags, rags etc. Plastic bags stops the supply of oxygen in to the sewage water and because of the lac of oxygen many harmful bacteria takes place in the water.
When the untreated sewage water got released in rivers, water pollution at large quantity takes place. Some people wash their animals and clothes in river water and use soap. When soap got mixed in river water, it pollute it. During festivals like Ganesh Chaturthi and navratras, people get the statues of Lord Ganpati and Goddess Durga. After the festival is over, people discharge the statue in rivers. These statues are made up of plaster of paris. Plaster of paris don’t get dissolved in water and and get deposited down in water, polluting it. This is done by many people and the water of the river gets polluted.
For statues what we can do is that we should buy eco-friendly statues. This means that statues should be made of soil. If statues are made of soil, when we discharge it in water, after some time it will dissolve in water and be deposited at the water bed behaving as soil. But we can say this as water pollution so we can discharge this soil statue in our flower pots or garden as this is made up of soil after sometime it will behave as manure for flowers. Water which is released by industries, hotels and factories first should be treated by activated charcoal. Charcoal purifies the water and kills the harmful bacteria. Now when this water is released in rivers, this do not make the whole water body polluted completely. These are some of the ways how we can prevent water pollution.
- NOISE POLLUTION: Noise pollution is also a major problem. The main source of noise pollution are cars and bikes. By the horns of cars and bikes, the noise pollution is done at a high level. This problem appears to be in every corner of the world. The high sounds produced by industries are also a source of this pollution. Some people are fond or have habit of listening music or songs at a high volume. Loud volume of TV. These are also a kind of noise pollution. Sounds of loudspeakers is also high and considered as pollution.
People make use of DJ. Some people high the sound of DJ as they can. This is wrong because this creates problem not only for humans but also for animals and birds. So this is also very harmful. The sound of the horns of the train is also noise pollution.
We should use cars and bikes when there is emergency or urgent. We should decrease the use of cars and bikes. Industries should try to less the sounds created by them. We should avoid listening songs or watching TV with high volume. Volume of loudspeakers should be minimum to decrease the noise pollution. DJ’s should be banned at night. These are some of the ways how we can prevent noise pollution.
- SOIL POLLUTION : Plastic does most soil pollution. Use of plastic is very harmful for soil. When plastic bags or polythene is buried in soil, it stops the supply of oxygen to the soil. This makes the soil nutrient less. Soil becomes useless only because of plastic. Sometimes, when rain falls is acidic. Acidic rain is harmful to soil and crops grown in this soil have bacteria because plants have absorbed those.
We should always try to do less use of plastic. Try to always keep plastic away from soil. Acidic soil is harmful for growing crops. We can add slaked lime to it to less soils acidity. After this the crops grown don’t have any pollutants. These are the ways how we can prevent soil pollution.
We all need oxygen for living and we get it from trees which are the part of our environment. Environmental pollution is one of the biggest problem we have in the world today. We should do things by which we can help in preventing pollution. Here I have given some ways how we can prevent environmental pollution. By doing these things we are helping our environment to be pollution free.
I hope you all liked this essay. May God give you success for the purpose you are reading this. Well, I expect it to be a competition so I hope you will come first in it.